"From the digestive system, the immune system to the maintenance of metabolic health, the benefits of kiwifruit (also known as kiwifruit) on human health are constantly being discovered." "Eating fresh fruit every day may reduce cardiovascular mortality in Chinese adults by up to 40%." ... In recent days, a series of international studies on the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases have shown that healthy diets and exercise help to "contain" the current explosive growth in the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

A high-nutrition, low-energy diet helps reduce blood sugar

Statistics show that China has about 100 million diabetic patients, accounting for about one-tenth of the total number of Chinese adults. What's more serious is that nearly half of China's adult population is in the pre-diabetes period, which is about 500 million people. This not only poses the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but also carries the risk of other diseases such as cardiovascular disease.

Faced with such a severe situation, on World Health Day on April 7 this year, WHO launched the “beating against diabetes” campaign and called on the public to reduce the risk of illness through healthy diet and increased exercise.

On the same day, the New England Journal of Medicine, a top international medical journal, published a new research result from a prospective study of chronic diseases in China. Research results show that eating fresh fruits every day may reduce cardiovascular mortality in Chinese adults by up to 40%.

At the same time, at the same time, at the world’s first international symposium on kiwifruit and health initiated by Zespri, the famous Dutch obesity expert Professor Jaap Seidell of the Free University of Amsterdam pointed out that in most parts of the world, the energy consumption is high and the nutritional value is high. Low food is a major factor in increasing the odds of obesity and related chronic diseases. This has become a general consensus that increasing nutritional value is related to a high-nutrition, low-energy diet. Many international studies on the health effects of kiwifruit have shown that kiwifruit has a good role in helping to improve digestive health, vitamin C supplementation, and improving metabolic health.

In the analysis of the nutritional value of various fruits such as gold kiwifruit, green kiwifruit, apples, pears, and lemons, Dr. John Monro, New Zealand Institute of Botany and Food, said that kiwifruit is “prominent” and not only is vitamins “leading” It is also rich in minerals, polyphenols, organic acids, antioxidants and many biologically active substances as well as soluble dietary fiber. It is also low in sodium, low in fat, and low in energy. It is a high-value fruit.

With the increasing prevalence of diabetes, many people, especially patients, are full of fear of sugar. Dr. John Monro, New Zealand Institute of Botany and Foods, said that from the findings of the Zespri Global Clinical Trial New Zealand sub-station, it can be understood that kiwifruit has a low glycemic effect and can improve the dynamic balance control of human blood glucose. If you eat two green kiwifruit daily, replacing some of the staple foods that contain cereal starch in your diet, such as rice, can greatly improve intestinal function and reduce the risk of diabetes. It can be said that it is an effective dietary supplement. Good strategy.

Eat more fresh fruits can reduce "bad cholesterol"

It is understood that, unlike most animals, the human body has lost its ability to synthesize vitamin C. As an essential micronutrient, the body must obtain vitamin C from the diet. If the vitamin C in the human body is too low, it may suffer from a fatal vitamin deficiency scurvy.

Lynley Drummond, Consultant, Drummond Food Science Consulting, New Zealand, said that from current research, most people consume too few fresh fruits and vegetables to maintain vitamin C levels at saturated plasma levels. Current demographic data It has also been shown that although acute sepsis is relatively rare, a large proportion of the Western population still has low plasma vitamin C concentrations. In addition, the body quickly consumes vitamin C when it is unwell, which is often overlooked. An experimental study with mice showed that the vitamin C content in mice was continuously reduced in 4-6 weeks. Although the mouse surface appeared to be in good condition, as the vitamin C in the body gradually decreased, the mouse body was gradually reduced. The fiber content of various organs is decreasing, and problems will arise when the critical point is reached. Therefore, more attention should be paid before symptoms appear.

In this regard, Professor Chen Weiwei, director of the National Center for Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Diseases and Fuwai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, said that there are many researches on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the world, and a large number of studies have shown that eating more fruits and Cardiovascular disease and the lower risk of death are related. From the dietary point of view, mainly the regulation of cholesterol, especially low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (commonly known as "bad cholesterol"), there are two ways to improve, one is "wrapped", rich in soluble dietary fiber fruits such as singular Fruits, etc., in which dietary fiber can "wrap" cholesterol, thereby reducing the absorption of cholesterol; Second, "impeded" method, rich in phytosterols nuts, contains a molecular structure similar to cholesterol, can be competitive to prevent the body's cholesterol Absorption.

Based on the results of China's chronic disease research and the national cardiovascular mortality data, it is estimated that if Chinese adults are able to increase their intake of fresh fruit every day, it will reduce 560,000 deaths due to cardiovascular disease each year.

Dr. Anitra Carr from University of Otago, New Zealand said that the absorption rate of fresh fruits and vitamins is very high, nearly 100%. Taking 100 mg of vitamin C per day can protect the immune system. However, experts recommend daily intake of 200 mg of vitamin C. Eat 5-7 servings of fruits and vegetables daily, but they must contain at least one serving of high-vitamin C foods such as kiwifruit (each green kiwifruit contains approximately 200mg/kg kiwifruit containing about 200mg), which can provide ideal plasma And organize the vitamin C concentration, strengthen the health result. Compared with drinking juice, experts recommend eating the whole fruit, because the fruit is also rich in many other nutrients. Experts said that everyone can reduce the risk of chronic diseases by eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity, eating less sugar, less salt and low-fat foods, and eating more fruits and vegetables.

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